Paper on critical thinking

  1. Introduction
  2. Online Homework Help

A. Critical thinking plays a major role in evaluating the problem that an individual, company or organization is facing.

B. Through critical thinking, the decision maker analyzes the problem and comes up with some ways through which the problem can be solved.

C.  Critical thinking therefore serves as an important tool through which a problem can be solved.

II. Problem statement

  1. In this case, a pharmaceutical company is in the process of determining the cars to buy for its marketing operations.
  2. The Company is currently intending to replace 50-vehicle fleet that has been assigned to the field representatives of the company in the marketing group.
  3.  The Company’s Vice President has requested for detailed information that outlines the key features of three possible vehicle candidates which include Volkswagen Jetta, Toyota Camry, and Ford Fusion.
  4. The information is to be used by the corporate management for decision making. The Vice President also stated that the outline should embrace three main features of the three vehicles.
  5. This paper aims at providing a plan that can be used in the analysis.

III. Criteria to use in addressing the problem

  1. The criteria to be used in this case will involve collecting data concerning the three models of the car while taking special considerations on features which include price, performance and durability.
  2. Price

A. This will incorporate considerations on car size, class, and warranty that the       company wishes to offer on each of the cars (Biols, 2013).

B. The decision should consider the difference between bumper-to-bumper warranties of different cars and also look at the parts of the automobile which the warranty covers.

C. The cost of maintaining and servicing the car, and cost of insuring each car is also important in this segment.

  1. Performance

A. This is the second criteria of evaluating the three car models. This criterion involves considering factors such as car’s acceleration, safety and handling characteristics (Mehes, 2013).

B. The decision maker should critically evaluate the level of satisfaction that is derived in driving each vehicle.

C. The other point of consideration in this case is the safety that is derived when the driver wishes to merge onto a freeway.

D. The decision maker should also consider each car’s handling characteristics and whether these characteristics are suited to the common driving styles. He should also investigate the stability of each car at high speed.

E. Another consideration in this case is how sound are the car brakes are and the performance of the car in panic stops.

  1. Durability

A. Under durability, the decision maker should identify the number of years that the vehicle is expected to stay before it needs to be changed (Baechle, 2013).

B. Other important factors to be considered in this case include the rate of depreciation of the car and the number of times similar cars have broken down.

IV. How to collect the data

A. The data ought to be collected from various sources.

1. The first place where data can be collected concerning the three vehicles is company’s website.

2. Various companies post data concerning their vehicles in their website and a decision maker ought to utilize this data while making decision.

3. Contacting people who have used similar cars can also be an important source of data.

4. Middle men who also sell cars can provide important information concerning the vehicles in question.

V. Other elements

A. Other elements that can be important in addressing the issue include conformity of       each car with technology and history.

B.  In terms of technology, the decision maker should consider how well the          manufacturer   has embraced technology in making the vehicle.

C. The history of the vehicle is also important while determining the car to buy.     4.         D. Considering how similar cars have been performing in terms of serviceability,     durability, aesthetic value and comfort.

VI. Summary

A. In summary, the assignment provides an important way through which the company can solve the issue at hand.

B. The major points generated in the assignment will help the company evaluate major issues as raised in the problem statement.

  1. The assignment also effectively highlights other major issues such as price and durability which together will provide the decision maker with a greater overview of problem.

D. In general, this assignment will allow the company to make a good move in terms of replacing the vehicles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Baechle, T. R. (2013).Automobile Industry. Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Biols, N. (2013). Characteristics of a Good Car. California: California University Press.

Mehes, R. (2013). Company vehicles. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Rise of multinational corporations

Question 1

The rise of multinational corporations and the trend toward globalization leads to global homogeneity. There are implications in communication and marketing when multinational companies do business in different countries. Its positive effects in my community are as follows. 1) The digital revolution has transformed the way the community does businesses because it allows companies to offer customized services to consumers by enabling them serve to themselves in their own way and according to their own tastes. 2) My community benefits of essential foreign culture and technical know-how brought by multinational corporations. 3) These corporations boost the industrial activities of the country. Investments and huge profits that they make can also used for research and development, which is beneficial to the local community. 4) Multinational corporations create opportunities for marketing our local products across the world through exportation.

Its negative effects are as follows. 1) Outsourcing leads to a significant loss of employment because people from other countries are also taking our local jobs. Moreover, small local businesses suffer in the shadow of multinational corporations because they cannot survive the competition. 2) The development gap between the wealthy and the poor continues to grow where the multinational corporations conduct business because capitalism via foreign trade tends to be exploitative. 3) Environmental impact. Most multinational corporations are not subject to the same labor and environmental laws as they are at home. They have a bad reputation for disregarding the environment through pollution and they pose negative impact for the cost of doing business.

 

 

Question 2

It is true that different racial groups may have unearned privileges in societies that are racially unequal as many sociologists argue. This phenomenon is called race privilege. It refers to a range of advantages people receive because of their skin color. It works according to the ranking of individuals; people from dark-skinned races are considered less privileged while people from light skin-skinned races are considered more favored. Race privilege also supports race-based stereotypes. White people mostly benefit from race privilege due to the belief that all white people are successful and they have an upper hand in the same economic, political and social spaces than other races.

Many people find it hard to accept race privilege because they view it as racism. Privilege exists when one race has something valuable that is denied to others just because of the groups they belong to, and not because of anything they have done or failed to do. Those who are against race privilege believe that everyone should have equal opportunities and that there should be no preferential treatment just because they come from a certain race. They are committed to social change and equity. It is also hard for them to accept that different racial groups may have unearned privileges because regardless of any advantages some minority members are more successful than most of the dominant race members. The notion that some people have unearned racial privilege is a sinister fallacy that justifies discrimination against a particular race while reflexively blaming the disadvantaged and poor members of the perceived superior race for their misfortune.

What is genetic testing?

Genetic testing is also called DNA testing. It is a medical screening procedure that detects changes in genes to identify one’s vulnerability to suffer from inherited illnesses (Pupecki, 2006).

Benefits of genetic testing

There is one benefit of genetic testing. It enables one to know his genetic status. If one has a gene alteration he/she can seek available monitoring, prevention and treatment options. In Rieger’s case, the testing offered him early detection of the disease. That would help him find medications based on informed decisions aimed to handle the symptoms of Huntington’s disease and prevent the mental, physical and behavioral decline associated with it before it was late.

Drawbacks of genetic testing

There are many drawbacks of genetic testing. 1) People found to have genetic disorders are prone to discrimination, ridicule or prejudice from other people. At the workplace, employers would not want to hire employees that have genetic disorders because they pose risks and they are a liability because their work performance can be compromised by their disorders. Concerning Reiger’s case, management of Danville Airlines made a decision to relieve him of his duties, despite the lack of manifestation yet he was still fit to fly. 2) DNA profiles related to certain diseases would be used by insurance companies and other organizations to disadvantage the victims. Insurance companies are unwilling to offer their services to people with abnormal gene disorders because any resultant hazard may generate potential high premiums which are not suitable for business. In Reiger’s case, many insurance companies may limit the type of insurance cover he might take due to his possibility of contracting the disease in future. 3) A positive genetic test result makes the victim aware that they are a carrier of a harmful disease. This leads to high levels of depression in their life. Reiger was still mourning the death of his father who had succumbed to the disease. There is likelihood he might have emotional distress, low self-esteem and self-pity after being informed that he had a high chance of suffering from Huntington’s disease in future (Arribas-Ayllon, Sarangi, & Clarke, 2013).

What if it was technically legal for Danville to test Reiger without his consent?

Danville Airlines had a right to do so if it was legal to test Reiger without his consent. Although Reiger did not have the symptoms of Huntington’s disease, there was a possibility that he would suffer from the disease inherited from his father. Huntington’s disease is a physical and mental debilitating disease that affects movement, cognitive and psychiatric ability. Employees have their rights to privacy, but the safety of passengers must be considered first. Danville Airlines would be right to do the genetic testing to explore this complicated issue out of practical and legitimate concerns (Wolkinson, 2008).

What if it was illegal?

Danville Airline still had the right to test Reiger without his consent even if it was illegal to do so. It was still necessary because if Reiger could have developed the symptoms while flying a plane it would have risked the lives of all passenger on the plane. It would damage the reputation of Danville Airlines and result in losses from the high costs incurred. That would have been a display of negligence on Danville Airline’s part and it would face major lawsuits from families of the victims (Wolkinson, 2008).

 

 

 

Assuming that Danville’s attorneys say the law is ambiguous

If Danville’s attorneys say the law is ambiguous, the company still had the right to test because they could have argued that the testing was crucial for the company to ensure high quality of its services to customers, and that the law did not specify if the action was illegal or not (Wolkinson, 2008).

Question 5

In light of the 1974 Privacy Act, Danville Airline’s action violated Reiger’s right to privacy. The genetic testing test was done without Reiger’s consent and they were illegal. The action also violated the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Heath Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. Danville Airline’s intention to relieve him of his duties is unconstitutional according to the Americans with Disabilities Act because his condition was not dangerous and it could not render him disabled or incapable of performing his duties at the time the test was done. The airline’s plan to terminate his employment on grounds of disability would be unlawful (Cihon & Castagnera, 2010).

Question 6

The knowledge that Reiger lost his father to Huntington’s disease and that he has a 90% chance of developing the same condition does not make a difference in my decision. The testing and the measures done by Danville Airlines were unconstitutional (Wolkinson, 2008).

Recommendations for Julie Taylor

The best recommendation that Julie Taylor would have made was for Danville Airlines to offer Reiger compensatory damages for acting against his will and transgressing his right to privacy. Moreover, Danville Airlines should have offered Reiger another job related to his former one, but less demanding in terms of mental and physical capabilities. This would have been in the best interest of both parties (Cihon & Castagnera, 2010).

Bibliography

Online Homework Help . (2014, June 15). Danville Airline. Retrieved from University of Virginia:

Arribas-Ayllon, M., Sarangi, ‎., & Clarke, ‎. (2013). Genetic Testing: Accounts of Autonomy, Responsibility and Blame. London: Routledge Publishers.

Cihon, P., & Castagnera, ‎. (2010). Employment and Labor Law. Boston: Cengage Learning.

Publishing, D. B. (2004, June 15). Danville Airline. Retrieved from University of Virginia: <http://studentoffortune.com/question/439355/Case-study-for-Human-Resource/766014-Danville_Airlines.pdf>

Pupecki, S. R. (2006). Genetic Screening: New Research. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Wolkinson, B. W. (2008). Employment law: the workplace rights of employees and employers. Lansing: Michigan State University.